Our nation’s roadway system contains a functional hierarchy which provides each road with a designation based on its primary purpose. At the top of the hierarchy are freeways and expressways designed to maximize “Point A to Point B” mobility that feature limited access, i.e. access at only high speed interchanges, no intersections or driveways. There are also arterials that are roads that have traffic signals at intersections and access points at larger frequency spacing. These arterials are fed by collectors and local streets, which have the main purpose to connect specific activities (residences, retail stores, industries). Put together, this network enables point to point services, a notable advantage the road transport has over other transport modes.
Every family, every community and every business needs infrastructure to thrive. Infrastructure encompasses your local water main and the Hoover Dam; the power lines connected to your house and the electrical grid spanning the U.S.; and the street in front of your home and the national highway system.
Modern wastewater treatment plants are technologically advanced facilities that require a great deal of knowledge and skill to operate. While many people only consider the treated effluent discharged from these facilities, treatment plants must actually process, discharge, and dispose of two separate wastewater components.
According to the American Press Institute 70 percent of Americans use the internet to find the news that matters most to them. Whether it is a laptop, home computer or mobile device the delivery of news is rapidly changing. Those of us who have important news to deliver need to take note.
A resilient community is one that can weather the economic trade winds. Leaders build a resilient community by having the ability to anticipate risk, and bounce back rapidly from setbacks through adaptability, evolution, and growth in the face of turbulent change.
Communities across the country have aging and inadequate water infrastructure. Most of our underground water infrastructure was built 50 or more years ago, in the post-World War II era. In some older urban areas, many water mains can even be a century or more old. It is estimated $2.6 billion is lost as water mains leak treated drinking water. In addition, billions of gallons of raw sewage are discharged into local surface waters from wastewater conveyance systems.
As 2014 begins to fade into history the question on everyone’s mind is “What is in store for Transportation experts in 2015?” Technological advancements will continue to be the driving force of change but integration of modes of transportation and innovation in design and contracting are sure to be popular in 2015. What is certain is that a rapidly changing landscape seems to be the norm these days—here are some emerging trends for Transportation planners and experts.
As the nation continues to move steadily forward in recovering from the economic downturn many community leaders are asking themselves “what can we learn from the past 10 years?” The short answer is: Resilience.
The triple bottom line is a framework that considers social, environmental, and economic effects together – it is used to measure the “sustainability” of an action. Wastewater treatment has an impact on all three components of the triple bottom line. Wastewater treatment has led to tremendous improvements to society as a whole by minimizing diseases and improving quality of life; it has also led to far cleaner bodies of water from small streams to oceans. Though human health and the environment have benefitted from the emergence of wastewater treatment as a standard protocol for waste disposal, the benefits have come with a high economic burden to the budgets of municipalities and industries.
With the recent focus on the dire financial state of the Highway Trust Fund (HTF), added interest has been seen across the land for longer-term measures that would stabilize the HTF. In August a short-term measure bumped the HTF with $10.9 billion which will keep projects active through April 2015.